How to Get Rid of Hyperpigmentation – Hyperpigmentation can cause significant stress to people who have it and is one of the most challenging skin problems to treat.
This condition is predominantly the result of post-inflammation from acne, sun exposure, hormones, or skin trauma.
In this article, we’ll share the various products and treatment options that are available to you and discuss how to get visible results and improvements on the skin.
Before you start any sort of treatment, it’s important to understand that these treatments are not to whiten or change someone’s skin color, but helping to bring out the balance and correct signs of hyperpigmentation.
- 0.1 What are the common causes of hyperpigmentation?
- 0.2 Things to consider before starting:
- 0.3 What are the keys to effectively treating hyperpigmentation?
- 1 How to Get Rid of Hyperpigmentation on the Face
- 1.1 Step #1: Use an effective, yet gentle cleanser
- 1.2 Step #2: Exfoliate Regularly
- 1.3 Step #3: Correcting Creams, Serums & Masks
- 1.4 Step #4: Use Facilitating Devices (Optional)
- 1.5 Step #5: Always use Sunscreen!
- 1.6 What to Expect & Aftercare Reminders
- 1.7 How useful was this post?
What are the common causes of hyperpigmentation?
The common causes of hyperpigmentation are:
- Sun exposure – sun spots or brown spots are the easiest to treat as it is in the upper layer of the skin. For those aged 50 and above, these are known as liver spots or age spots.
- Acne – post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. These are the scars left from the aftermath of inflamed acne lesions. This type of hyperpigmentation is formed deep in the skin and will take longer to correct. When choosing topical products, look for salicylic acids, enzymes, anti-inflammatory ingredients.
- Hormonally induced (pregnancy, hormone or birth control pills) or commonly known as melasma. Like post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, this type goes down to the epidermis of the skin and will also take time to treat. Look for oil or gel-based exfoliants with retinol, lactic acid, peptides, Trichloroacetic acid (TCA).
- Skin trauma from medical procedures like laser treatments.
It’s important to identify the cause of your hyperpigmentation in order to properly plan your approach accordingly.
Remember, the depth of the pigmentation will determine the degree of effectiveness when treating hyperpigmentation.
Things to consider before starting:
- Your skin’s sensitivity level
- Exfoliation history (lasers, IPL, chemical peels)
- Skin products you are currently using
- Medications (hormone or birth control pills)
- Medical procedures taken
Any of the above are possible contributing factors to changes in skin color.
What are the keys to effectively treating hyperpigmentation?
The most important aspects of treating hyperpigmentation are:
- Exfoliation or inducing rapid cell turnover of pigmented layers and removing the dead cells
- Control the overproduction of melanin by driving active ingredients into the new skin (vitamin C, Licorice, Niacinamide, Oligopeptide-34, Zinc Glycinate, white tea, etc.)
Extra Step: For faster results, you can use a variety of technologies to help the skin absorb your brightening products. These are the devices clinics use to treat their patients suffering from hyperpigmentation.
When these machines came out years ago, they were bulky and incredibly expensive, and the only people who had access to them were licensed dermatological clinics. With the advancement in technology and the increase in demand, however, these tools are now available in portable forms and can be safely used at home.
Video: Successfully Treating Hyperpigmentation by Dr. Diana Howard, The Dermal Institute IDI
How to Get Rid of Hyperpigmentation on the Face
Equally important as knowing what products to use is learning how to use them and having a proper treatment process in place.
This will ensure that you can effectively treat your hyperpigmentation in the fastest and most cost-effective way possible.
Alternatively, you can use the below as your DIY guide.
We’ve listed down the basic steps dermatologists and aestheticians use to treat hyperpigmentation to help you in your treatment.
If you know what the cause of your pigmentation is – acne or post-inflammatory, sun-induced, or hormonally-induced; then you can perform the same treatment process that professionals do at a much more affordable rate and at the convenience of your home! 🙂
What to Expect & Aftercare Reminders
Once you have all the products and tools you need, you will have:
- a more effective process in treating your hyperpigmentation because you can do them on a much more regular basis
- faster results because of the frequency of treatments
- a cheaper alternative than getting all these done at the aesthetician’s office
Last reminders to maximize your treatments
Regardless of which products you choose, there are some key rules when treating hyperpigmentation:
- You must be consistent and regularly use your products and treatments at home
- Products must be used in the morning and evening for a minimum of 8 weeks before any signs of visible improvements
- Some patches may look darker before they look lighter as you’re speeding up the process
- Skin should never be exposed to sunlight unprotected. Daily daylight protection at the minimum of SPF 30 is critical when treating hyperpigmentation.
- Wear a wide-brimmed hat outside whenever you can
That’s it, and we hope you’ve found this article useful. If yes, don’t forget to subscribe to our channels. 🙂
- Aad.org. (2016). Variety of options available to treat pigmentation problems | American Academy of Dermatology.
- Aocd.org. (2016). Hyperpigmentation – American Osteopathic College of Dermatology (AOCD).
- Dermnetnz.org. (2016). Melasma (facial pigmentation). DermNet NZ.
- Kornhauser, A. (2010). Applications of hydroxy acids: classification, mechanisms, and photoactivity. CCID, p.135.
- Jimbow, K. and Minamitsuji, Y. (2001). Topical therapies for melasma and disorders of hyperpigmentation. Dermatologic Therapy, 14(1), pp.35-45.
- Nieuweboer-Krobotova, L. (2012). Hyperpigmentation: types, diagnostics and targeted treatment options. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 27, pp.2-4.
- Polat, B., Blankschtein, D. and Langer, R. (2010). Low-frequency sonophoresis: application to the transdermal delivery of macromolecules and hydrophilic drugs. Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery, 7(12), pp.1415-1432.
- Publications, H. (2016). Age Spots (Solar Lentigo, Liver Spots) – Harvard Health. [online] Harvard Health.
- Tovey, D. (2016). Common Hyperpigmentation Disorders in Adults: Part I. Diagnostic Approach, Cafe au Lait Macules, Diffuse Hyperpigmentation, Sun Exposure, and Phototoxic Reactions – American Family Physician.
- University of Maryland Medical Center. (2016). Skin wrinkles and blemishes.
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